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Solar system tests of Horava-Lifshitz gravity

T. Harko, Z. Kovács, F. S. N. Lobo

Recently, a renormalizable gravity theory with higher spatial derivatives in four dimensions was proposed by Hov{r}ava. The theory reduces to Einstein gravity with a non-vanishing cosmological constant in IR, but it has improved UV behaviors. The spherically symmetric black hole solutions for an arbitrary cosmological constant, which represent the generalization of the standard Schwarzschild-(A)dS solution, has also been obtained for the Hov{r}ava-Lifshitz theory. The exact asymptotically flat Schwarzschild type solution of the gravitational field equations in Hov{r}ava gravity contains a quadratic increasing term, as well as the square root of a fourth order polynomial in the radial coordinate, and it depends on one arbitrary integration constant. The IR modified Hov{r}ava gravity seems to be consistent with the current observational data, but in order to test its viability more observational constraints are necessary. In the present paper we consider the possibility of observationally testing Hov{r}ava gravity at the scale of the Solar System, by considering the classical tests of general relativity(perihelion precession of the planet Mercury, deflection of light by the Sun and the radar echo delay) for the spherically symmetric black hole solution of Hov{r}ava-Lifshitz gravity. All these gravitational effects can be fully explained in the framework of the vacuum solution of the gravity. Moreover, the study of the classical general relativistic tests also constrain the free parameter of the solution.

Proceedings of the Royal Society A
Volume 467, Number 2129, Page 1390
2011 May

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Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade de Lisboa Universidade do Porto Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia da Universidade de Coimbra
Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia COMPETE 2020 PORTUGAL 2020 União Europeia