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Kepler observations of rapidly oscillating Ap, δ Scuti and γ Doradus pulsations in Ap stars

L. A. Balona, M. S. Cunha, D. W. Kurtz, I. M. Brandão, M. Gruberbauer, H. Saio, R. Østensen, V. G. Elkin, W. J. Borucki, J. Christensen-Dalsgaard, H. Kjeldsen, D. Koch, S. T. Bryson

Observations of the A5p star KIC 8677585 obtained during the Kepler 10-d commissioning run with 1-min time resolution show that it is a rapidly oscillating Ap (roAp) star with several frequencies with periods near 10 min. In addition, a low frequency at 3.142 d-1 is also clearly present. Multiperiodic γ Doradus (γ Dor) and δ Scuti (δ Sct) pulsations, never before seen in any Ap star, are present in Kepler observations of at least three other Ap stars. Since γ Dor pulsations are seen in Ap stars, it is likely that the low frequency in KIC 8677585 is also a γ Dor pulsation. The simultaneous presence of both γ Dor and roAp pulsations and the unexpected detection of δ Sct and γ Dor pulsations in Ap stars present new opportunities and challenges for the interpretation of these stars. Since it is easy to confuse Am and Ap stars at classification dispersions, the nature of these Ap stars in the Kepler field needs to be confirmed.

asteroseismology - stars: chemically peculiar - stars: individual: BD+44 3063 - stars: oscillations - stars: variables: general

Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume 410, Issue 1, Page 517
2011 January

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Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade de Lisboa Universidade do Porto Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia da Universidade de Coimbra
Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia COMPETE 2020 PORTUGAL 2020 União Europeia