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Non self-similar Luminosity–temperature relation and dynamical friction

A. Del Popolo, M. Le Delliou, M. H. Chan

Extending the results of a previous paper (Del Popolo et al., 2005), by taking into account the role of dynamical friction, we recovered the luminosity-temperature relation (LTR). While by assuming self-similarity, a scaling law in which L ∝T2 is obtained, observations show that the relation between luminosity and temperature is steeper, L ∝T≃3. This difference can be explained in terms of energy input by non-gravitational processes, like pre-heating, supernovae feedback, and heating from AGN. In this paper, we studied the LTR by means of a modified version of the punctuated equilibria model (Cavaliere et al., 1999), taking into account in addition dynamical friction, thus extending the approach found in Del Popolo et al. (2005). The result is a non-self-similar LTR with a bend at ≃ 2 keV, with a slope 2.76 ± 0.18 at larger energies and 3.4 ± 0.18 at energies smaller than 2 keV. This result is in agreement with the XXL survey (Giles et al., 2016). Moreover the steeper slopes at smaller energies is in agreement with some studies claiming a further steepening of the LTR at the low mass end. We also compared the results of our model with the 400d groups sample, finding that in groups the slope is slightly steeper than in clusters, namely 3.35 ± 0.3, in agreement with the (Zou et al., 2016) study for the 400d groups sample, that gives a slope 3.29 ± 0.33 .

Dwarf galaxies; Galaxy clusters; Modified gravity; Mass-temperature relation

Physics of the Dark Universe
Volume 37
2022 September

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Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade de Lisboa Universidade do Porto Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia da Universidade de Coimbra
Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia COMPETE 2020 PORTUGAL 2020 União Europeia