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The Gaia-ESO Survey: Oxygen Abundance in the Galactic Thin and Thick Disks

P. Di Marcantonio, M. Chavez, V. Zh. Adibekyan, T. Bensby, A. Bragaglia, A. Gonneau, U. Heiter, G. Kordopatis, L. Magrini, D. Romano, L. Sbordone, R. Smiljanic, G. Tautvai®ienė, G. Gilmore, S. Randich, A. Bayo, G. Carraro, L. Morbidelli, S. Zaggia

Abstract
We analyze the oxygen abundances of a stellar sample representative of the two major Galactic populations: the thin and thick disks. The aim is to investigate the differences between members of the Galactic disks and contribute to the understanding of the origin of oxygen chemical enrichment in the Galaxy. The analysis is based on the [O i] = 6300.30 Å oxygen line in high-resolution spectra (R ~ 52,500) obtained from the Gaia-ESO public spectroscopic Survey (GES). By comparing the observed spectra with a theoretical data set computed in LTE with the SPECTRUM synthesis and ATLAS12 codes, we derive the oxygen abundances of 516 FGK dwarfs for which we have previously measured carbon abundances. Based on kinematic, chemical, and dynamical considerations, we identify 20 thin and 365 thick disk members. We study the potential trends of both subsamples in terms of their chemistry ([O/H], [O/Fe], [O/Mg], and [C/O] versus [Fe/H] and [Mg/H]), age, and position in the Galaxy. The main results are that (a) [O/H] and [O/Fe] ratios versus [Fe/H] show systematic differences between thin and thick disk stars with an enhanced O abundance of thick disk stars with respect to thin disk members and a monotonic decrement of [O/Fe] with increasing metallicity, even at metal-rich regime; (b) there is a smooth correlation of [O/Mg] with age in both populations, suggesting that this abundance ratio can be a good proxy of stellar ages within the Milky Way; and (c) thin disk members with [Fe/H] sime 0 display a [C/O] ratio smaller than the solar value, suggesting a possibly outward migration of the Sun from lower Galactocentric radii.

Keywords
Late-type stars; Stellar abundances; Stellar ages; Milky Way disk

Notes
Based on observations collected with the FLAMES instrument at the VLT/UT2 telescope (Paranal Observatory, ESO, Chile) for the Gaia-ESO Large Public Spectroscopic Survey (188.B-3002, 193.B-0936)

The Astronomical Journal
Volume 161, Number 9, Page 16
2021 January

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Instituto de Astrof√≠sica e Ci√™ncias do Espa√ßo Universidade do Porto Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade de Lisboa
Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia COMPETE 2020 PORTUGAL 2020 União Europeia