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The MUSE Atlas of Discs (MAD): Ionized gas kinematic maps and an application to diffuse ionized gas

M. den Brok, C. M. Carollo, S. Erroz-Ferrer, M. Fagioli, J. Brinchmann, E. Emsellem, D. Krajnović, R. A. Marino, M. Onodera, S. Tacchella, P. M. Weilbacher, J. Woo

Abstract
We have obtained data for 41 star forming galaxies in the MUSE Atlas of Discs (MAD) survey with VLT/MUSE. These data allow us, at high resolution of a few 100 pc, to extract ionized gas kinematics (V, σ) of the centres of nearby star forming galaxies spanning 3 dex in stellar mass. This paper outlines the methodology for measuring the ionized gas kinematics, which we will use in subsequent papers of this survey. We also show how the maps can be used to study the kinematics of diffuse ionized gas for galaxies of various inclinations and masses. Using two different methods to identify the diffuse ionized gas, we measure rotation velocities of this gas for a subsample of six galaxies. We find that the diffuse ionized gas rotates on average slower than the star forming gas with lags of 0-10 km s-1 while also having higher velocity dispersion. The magnitude of these lags is on average 5 km s-1 lower than observed velocity lags between ionized and molecular gas. Using Jeans models to interpret the lags in rotation velocity and the increase in velocity dispersion we show that most of the diffuse ionized gas kinematics are consistent with its emission originating from a somewhat thicker layer than the star forming gas, with a scale height that is lower than that of the stellar disc.

Keywords
galaxies: kinematics and dynamics; galaxies: spiral; Astrophysics - Astrophysics of Galaxies

Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume 491, Issue 3, Page 4089
2020 January

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Instituto de Astrofísica e Ciências do Espaço Universidade do Porto Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade de Lisboa
Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia COMPETE 2020 PORTUGAL 2020 União Europeia