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The Mismeasure of Mergers: Revised Limits on Self-interacting Dark Matter in Merging Galaxy Clusters

D. Wittman, N. Golovich, W. A. Dawson

Abstract

In an influential recent paper, Harvey et al (2015) derive an upper limit to the self-interaction cross section of dark matter (σDM/m<0.47 cm2 g-1 at 95% confidence) by averaging the dark matter-galaxy offsets in a sample of merging galaxy clusters. Using much more comprehensive data on the same clusters, we identify several substantial errors in their offset measurements. Correcting these errors relaxes the upper limit on σDM/m to ≲2 cm2 g-1, following the Harvey et al prescription for relating offsets to cross sections in a simple solid body scattering model. Furthermore, many clusters in the sample violate the assumptions behind this prescription, so even this revised upper limit should be used with caution. Although this particular sample does not tightly constrain self-interacting dark matter models when analyzed this way, we discuss how merger ensembles may be used more effectively in the future. We conclude that errors inherent in using single-band imaging to identify mass and light peaks do not necessarily average out in a sample of this size, particularly when a handful of substructures constitute a majority of the weight in the ensemble.

Keywords
dark matter; galaxies: clusters: general; Astrophysics - Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics

The Astrophysical Journal
Volume 869, Number 2, Page 15
2018 December

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Instituto de Astrofísica e Ciências do Espaço Universidade do Porto Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade de Lisboa
Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia COMPETE 2020 PORTUGAL 2020 União Europeia