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Kinetically coupled dark energy

B. J. Barros

Abstract

The main goal of this work is to propose a generalized model of interacting dark energy which allows for the kinetic term of a scalar field to couple to the matter species a priori in the action. We derive the modified field equations, and present novel cosmological solutions for a specific coupled model. One alluring consequence is the emergence of solutions allowing for an early scaling regime, possible due to two novel critical points, followed by a period of accelerated expansion. Using a dynamical system analysis, we show that the presence of the coupling may alter the dynamical nature of the critical points and can be used to enlarge the existence and stability regions of these. Using constraints from Planck data we are able to find an upper bound on the coupling parameter. Finally, it is shown how this theory encapsulates a wide variety of dark energy models already present in the literature.

Keywords
General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology; Astrophysics - Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics

Physical Review D
Volume 99, Issue 6
2019 March

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Instituto de Astrofísica e Ciências do Espaço Universidade do Porto Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade de Lisboa
Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia COMPETE 2020 PORTUGAL 2020 União Europeia