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Coupled quintessence with a ΛCDM background: removing the σ8 tension

B. J. Barros, L. Amendola, T. Barreiro, N. J. Nunes

A well-known problem of the ΛCDM model is the tension between the relatively high level of clustering, as quantified by the parameter σ8, found in cosmic microwave background experiments and the smaller one obtained from large-scale observations in the late Universe. In this paper we show that coupled quintessence, i.e. a single dark energy scalar field conformally coupled to dark matter through a constant coupling, can solve this problem if the background is taken to be identical to the ΛCDM one. We show that two competing effects arise. On one hand, the additional scalar force is attractive, and is therefore expected to increase the clustering. On the other, in order to obtain the same background as ΛCDM, coupled quintessence must have a smaller amount of dark matter near the present epoch. We show that the second effect is dominating today and leads to an overall slower growth. Comparing to redshift distortion data, we find that coupled quintessence with ΛCDM background solves the tension between early and late clustering. We find for the coupling β and for σ8 the best fit values |β| = 0.079+0.059−0.067 and σ8 = 0.818+0.115−0.088. These values also fit the lensing data from the KiDS-450 survey. We also estimate that the future missions SKA and Euclid will constrain β with an error of ± 1.5×10−3 and for σ8 of ± 1.8×10−3 at 1σ level.

Astrophysics - Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics

Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics
Volume 2019, Issue 1
2019 January

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Instituto de Astrofísica e Ciências do Espaço Universidade do Porto Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade de Lisboa
Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia COMPETE 2020 PORTUGAL 2020 União Europeia