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Dynamics of wind and the dusty environments in the accreting T Tauri stars RY Tauri and SU Aurigae

P. P. Petrov, K. N. Grankin, J. F. Gameiro, S. A. Artemenko, E. V. Babina, R. M. G. Albuquerque, A. A. Djupvik, G. F. Gahm, V. I. Shenavrin, T. R. Irsmambetova, M. Fernandez, D. E. Mkrtichian, S. Yu Gorda

Abstract

Classical T Tauri stars with ages of less than 10 Myr possess accretion discs. Magnetohydrodynamic processes at the boundary between the disc and the stellar magnetosphere control the accretion and ejections gas flows. We carried out a long series of simultaneous spectroscopic and photometric observations of the classical T Tauri stars, RY Tauri and SU Aurigae, with the aim to quantify the accretion and outflow dynamics at time-scales from days to years. It is shown that dust in the disc wind is the main source of photometric variability of these stars. In RY Tau, we observed a new effect: during events of enhanced outflow, the circumstellar extinction becomes lower. The characteristic time of changes in outflow velocity and stellar brightness indicates that the obscuring dust is near the star. The outflow activity in both stars is changing on a time-scale of years. Periods of quiescence in the variability of the H alpha profile were observed during the 2015-2016 period in RY Tau and during the 2016-2017 period in SU Aur. We interpret these findings in the framework of the magnetospheric accretion model, and we discuss how the global stellar magnetic field can influence the long-term variations of the outflow activity.

Keywords
line: profiles; stars: individual: RY Tau; stars: individual: SU Aur; stars: variables: T Tauri; Herbig Ae/Be; stars: winds; outflows; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics

Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume 483, Issue 1, Page 132
2019 February

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Instituto de Astrofísica e Ciências do Espaço Universidade do Porto Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade de Lisboa
Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia COMPETE 2020 PORTUGAL 2020 União Europeia