J. P. Mimoso, M. Le Delliou, F. C. Mena
We investigate spherically symmetric perfect-fluid spacetimes and discuss the existence and stability of a dividing shell separating expanding and collapsing regions. We perform a 3+1 splitting and obtain gauge invariant conditions relating the intrinsic spatial curvature of the shells to the Misner-Sharp mass and to a function of the pressure that we introduce and that generalizes the Tolman-Oppenheimer-Volkoff equilibrium condition. We find that surfaces fulfilling those two conditions fit, locally, the requirements of a dividing shell, and we argue that cosmological initial conditions should allow its global validity. We analyze the particular cases of the Lemaître-Tolman-Bondi dust models with a cosmological constant as an example of a cold dark matter model with a cosmological constant(Lambda-CDM model) and its generalization to contain a central perfect-fluid core. These models provide simple but physically interesting illustrations of our results.
Cosmology - Mathematical: and: relativistic: aspects: of: cosmology - Relativity: and: gravitation - Einstein-Maxwell: spacetimes - spacetimes: with: fluids: radiation: or: classical: fields
Physical Review D
Volume 81, Issue 12, Page 123514_1