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MIGHTEE: total intensity radio continuum imaging and the COSMOS/XMM-LSS Early Science fields

I. Heywood, M. Jarvis, C. L. Hale, I. H. Whittam, H. L. Bester, B. Hugo, J. S. Kenyon, M. Prescott, O. M. Smirnov, C. Tasse, J. Afonso, P. Best, J. D. Collier, R. P. Deane, B. S. Frank, M. Hardcastle, K. Knowles, N. Maddox, E. J. Murphy, I. Prandoni, S. M. Randriamampandry, M. G. Santos, S. Sekhar, F. Tabatabaei, A. R. Taylor, K. Thorat

MIGHTEE is a galaxy evolution survey using simultaneous radio continuum, spectropolarimetry, and spectral line observations from the South African MeerKAT telescope. When complete, the survey will image ∼20 deg2 over the COSMOS, E-CDFS, ELAIS-S1, and XMM-Newton Large Scale Structure field (XMM-LSS) extragalactic deep fields with a central frequency of 1284 MHz. These were selected based on the extensive multiwavelength data sets from numerous existing and forthcoming observational campaigns. Here, we describe and validate the data processing strategy for the total intensity continuum aspect of MIGHTEE, using a single deep pointing in COSMOS (1.6 deg2) and a three-pointing mosaic in XMM-LSS (3.5 deg2). The processing includes the correction of direction-dependent effects, and results in thermal noise levels below 2 μJy beam−1 in both fields, limited in the central regions by classical confusion at ∼8 arcsec angular resolution, and meeting the survey specifications. We also produce images at ∼5 arcsec resolution that are ∼3 times shallower. The resulting image products form the basis of the Early Science continuum data release for MIGHTEE. From these images we extract catalogues containing 9896 and 20 274 radio components in COSMOS and XMM-LSS, respectively. We also process a close-packed mosaic of 14 additional pointings in COSMOS and use these in conjunction with the Early Science pointing to investigate methods for primary beam correction of broad-band radio images, an analysis that is of relevance to all full-band MeerKAT continuum observations, and wide-field interferometric imaging in general. A public release of the MIGHTEE Early Science continuum data products accompanies this article.

techniques: interferometric, surveys, radio continuum: galaxies

Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume 509, Issue 2, Page 2150
2022 January

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Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade de Lisboa Universidade do Porto Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia da Universidade de Coimbra
Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia COMPETE 2020 PORTUGAL 2020 União Europeia